There are several types of helmets designed specifically for different types of cycling. These are some of the most common types:
- Mountain helmets: These helmets are designed for mountain bikers and off-road riders. They usually have increased coverage on the back and sides of the head to provide additional protection. They also incorporate a visor to protect the eyes from dirt, branches and the sun.
- Road helmets: Road helmets are designed for cyclists riding at high speeds on paved roads and routes. They are lightweight and aerodynamic, making them ideal for minimizing wind resistance. They usually have less coverage at the back compared to mountain helmets.
- Urban or recreational helmets: These helmets are designed for use in urban commuting or recreational riding. They are comfortable, stylish and often include features such as increased ventilation and removable visors. Its main focus is comfort and versatility.
In addition to these types, there are specialized helmets for specific disciplines such as track cycling, cyclocross, triathlon and other cycling-related sports.
How to choose the right size bicycle helmet?
Choosing the right size of bicycle helmet is essential to ensure safety and comfort during your rides. To measure your head and determine the right size for your helmet, follow these steps:
- A flexible tape measure (sewing tape is ideal).
- A mirror or the help of another person to make sure the tape measure is level.
Steps to measure your head:
- Preparation: Place the tape measure around the widest part of your head. This is usually just above the eyebrows and around the middle of the forehead. Make sure the tape measure is level and in contact with the skin, not too tight or too loose.
- Measurement: Be sure to measure in centimeters, as helmet sizes are usually based on this unit.
- Comparison with helmet sizes: Consult the size guide provided by the helmet manufacturer. Each brand may have slight variations in sizing, so it is important to follow the specific indications of the brand you are considering.
- Proper sizing: Choose the helmet size that best matches your head size.. If you are between two sizes, it is generally advisable to opt for the larger size to ensure that the helmet is comfortable and fits properly.
Remember that a helmet should fit snugly, but not tightly, and should sit level on the head, without tilting forward or backward.
Also, test the helmet before you buy it to make sure it fits comfortably and that there are no uncomfortable pressure points.
How many years does a bicycle helmet last?
The life of a bicycle helmet can vary depending on several factors, including the level of use, the care you give it and the type of helmet.
In general, it is recommended to replace a bicycle helmet every 3 to 5 years, even if it has not been involved in an accident. Here are some additional considerations:
- Wear and deterioration: Over time, helmet materials may deteriorate due to exposure to sunlight, sweat and regular use. The EPS foam inside the helmet may become less effective over time, affecting its ability to absorb impacts.
- Previous impacts: If you have been involved in an accident or fall in which the helmet has received a significant blow, you should replace it immediately. Even if there appears to be no visible damage to the exterior, the internal structure of the hull may have been weakened, compromising its ability to protect.
- Technological advances: Newer helmets often incorporate technological advances that improve safety and comfort. Consider upgrading your helmet if it has been several years since you last purchased it.
Bicycle helmet maintenance
Proper maintenance of a bicycle helmet is essential to ensure its safety and prolong its service life.
Here are some tips for the maintenance of your bicycle helmet:
- Regular cleaning: Clean the helmet regularly with warm water and mild soap. Use a sponge or soft cloth to remove dirt, sweat and other residues. Avoid the use of aggressive or abrasive chemicals, as they may damage the hull materials.
- Proper drying: After washing the helmet, make sure it is completely dry before storing it. Allow to air dry at room temperature. Avoid exposing the helmet to direct heat sources, such as radiators or dryers, as excessive heat can damage the materials.
- Proper storage: Store the helmet in a cool, dry place when not in use. Avoid leaving it exposed to the sun for long periods of time, as prolonged exposure to the sun can degrade the materials and performance of the helmet.
- Straps and adjustment system: Verify that the straps and retention system are in good condition and working properly. Make sure the straps are securely fastened and the helmet is secure on your head before each ride.
- Keep it clean inside: Clean the inner lining and removable pads according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Some liners and pads are machine washable, while others may require manual cleaning.
- Avoid stickers and adhesives: Avoid stickers, adhesive tapes or other materials on the helmet shell, as they may adversely affect the integrity of the shell and the shock absorption capacity of the helmet.
By following these maintenance tips, you can prolong the life of your bicycle helmet and ensure that it continues to provide you with the protection you need during your bike rides.
How do I know if my helmet is safe?
To determine if your bicycle helmet is safe, there are several things to consider:
- Safety certifications: Verify that your helmet has recognized safety certifications. The most respected certification is the EN1078 standard in Europe.
- Proper fit: Make sure the helmet is properly fitted to your head. It should be level and well positioned, covering the top of the forehead without leaning backward or forward. The straps should also be tight and in place.
- Adequate coverage: The helmet should cover the entire top of your head and the back of your head, providing complete protection.
- Physical condition: Visually examine the hull for damage, cracks, dents or deformities in the outer shell.
- Inner lining: Make sure that the inner lining is in good condition and that there is no excessive wear. The lining is important for shock absorption.
- Manufacturer’s history: Research the manufacturer of the helmet. Respected and well-known brands often place significant emphasis on the safety and quality of their products.
If you have doubts about the safety of your helmet or if it has been involved in an accident, the safest thing to do is to replace it. Safety is fundamental, and a helmet in good condition is essential to ensure safety.
We hope these tips have helped you understand how important it is to select the right helmet. Our commitment is to promote safe and responsible cycling.
Protect yourself and enjoy your bike rides to the fullest!