What to do in case of a bicycle accident during our routes?

27 November 2023

In this article, we provide you with useful tips on how to deal with this situation in the best possible way. Read on to learn how to act in case of a bicycle accident and ensure your well-being.

What to do in case of a bicycle accident?

Riding a bicycle is an exciting activity, but being prepared to deal with the unexpected is very important.

In case of a minor accident:

  1. Stop the bicycle: If you have a minor accident, stop your bicycle safely and out of the flow of traffic.
  2. Evaluate injuries: Check for injuries or discomfort. If you feel significant pain or there are visible lesions, seek medical help.
  3. Evaluate the condition of your bike: Check if your bike has suffered any damage that may affect its proper functioning. If so, even if you feel fine, you will not be able to continue your route for safety reasons.
  4. Gather information: Take note of the details of the accident, the location and any other relevant information.
  5. Exchange of information: If another cyclist or person is involved, exchange contact and insurance information if necessary.
  6. Communicate your situation: If you have a cell phone and feel the need to do so, call someone you trust to report the accident and your location. Share your current physical condition and any needs you may have.
  7. Report: Notify authorities if necessary and contact your insurance if you have one.

In case of a serious accident (PAS):

  1. Protect: If you can do so safely, move your bike and yourself out of the way of traffic to avoid additional hazards. Also turn on your bike lights if you have them to be more visible.
  2. Notify: Call 112 or ask someone to do it for you to report the accident and provide accurate details of your location.
  3. Relief: Evaluates the situation of the people involved. If someone is seriously injured and there is nothing you can do to improve their condition, wait for medical help to arrive. But if you are able, trained in first aid and it is safe to do so, provide assistance without moving the injured person unless absolutely necessary for his or her safety.

Remember that safety is paramount. Always wear a helmet and other appropriate protective equipment while riding a bicycle.

In addition, knowing traffic regulations and respecting local signs and laws can help prevent accidents in the first place.

What are the most frequent accidents involving cyclists?

Cyclists can be exposed to a variety of hazards, which can lead to various types of accidents. Some of the most frequent accidents suffered by bicyclists include:

  • Collisions with motor vehicles: Collisions with cars, trucks or other motor vehicles may occur due to distracted drivers, non-compliance with traffic regulations or poor visibility conditions. Special care must be taken at traffic circles and intersections with this type of collision.
  • Simple falls: Falls without the involvement of other vehicles or people are a common cause of bicycle accidents. They may be due to slippery surfaces, uneven terrain, unexpected obstacles or incorrect maneuvers by the cyclist.
  • Door openings: Sudden openings of doors of parked vehicles can trap cyclists and cause collisions, especially on urban roads. Always ride in the center of the lane.
  • Collisions with other cyclists or pedestrians: On shared routes or busy bike paths, collisions between cyclists, or between cyclists and pedestrians can occur due to lack of space or inattention.
  • Impacts with fixed objects: Cyclists may collide with fixed objects, such as posts, traffic signs or fences, especially in situations of low visibility or dense traffic conditions.
  • Accidents caused by weather conditions: Adverse weather conditions, such as rain, snow or ice, can increase the risk of slips and falls, as well as reduce visibility for drivers. Try not to go out on the road when weather conditions are very adverse.
  • Mechanical problems: Mechanical problems, such as brake failure or punctures, can cause accidents if not properly addressed during the trip.

To reduce the risk of these accidents, cyclists should follow traffic regulations, keep their bicycles in good working order, wear appropriate protective equipment (such as helmets and lights), and be aware of the environment and traffic conditions.

Tips to prevent bicycle accidents

Bicycle accident prevention is essential to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. Here are some important tips to reduce the risk of accidents:

  • Always wear a helmet: The helmet is your main element of protection in case of a fall or collision. Make sure it is correctly adjusted and complies with safety regulations.
  • Check your bike: Before each trip, check that your bike is in good condition. Make sure brakes, lights and tires are working properly.
  • Know the traffic rules: Familiarize yourself with local traffic laws and regulations that apply to bicyclists. Respect traffic signs, lights and directional indications.
  • Maintain visibility: Use front and rear lights, it is mandatory. Wear reflective clothing and use reflective accessories on your bike to make it easier for drivers to see you.
  • Signal your turns: Indicate your turns and changes of direction with clear and visible signals so that drivers and other cyclists can anticipate your movements.
  • Avoid being distracted: Using a cell phone or headphones while driving is not legal. Keep your full attention on the road and traffic.
  • Reduce speed when cornering: When cornering, slow down and maintain control of your bicycle. Curves can be dangerous if taken at high speed.
  • Keep a safe distance: Keep a safe distance from other cyclists and vehicles. This will give you time to react to unforeseen situations.
  • Weather conditions: Be cautious in adverse weather conditions, such as rain, snow or strong wind. Surfaces can become slippery, so reduce speed and increase braking distance.

By following these tips and being a responsible cyclist, you can enjoy your bike ride safely and minimize the risk of accidents.

Check the basic points of your bicycle

Checking the basics of your bike is essential to keep it in good working order and ensure your safety on every ride.

  • Tires: Make sure they are inflated to the proper pressure. Check for cuts, punctures or excessive wear.
  • Brakes: Make sure that the brake pads are in good condition and that the brakes are working effectively. Adjust cable tension if necessary.
  • Chain and transmission: Lubricate the chain regularly and keep it clean. Check for proper tension and for worn sprockets and chainrings.
  • Lights: Make sure that the front and rear lights are working properly. Change the batteries or charge the battery if using rechargeable lights.
  • Shift system: Verify that the gear shift system operates smoothly and that gear changes are accurate.
  • Hardware: Check and tighten all screws and bolts, including those on the handlebars, seat post, pedals and wheels.
  • Saddle and handlebars: Adjust the height and position of the saddle and handlebars to make them comfortable and ergonomic.
  • Pedals: Make sure the pedals are in good condition and securely tightened to the cranks.
  • Steering: Turn the handlebars to ensure that the steering turns smoothly with no slack or abnormal resistance.

Performing these periodic checks will ensure that your bike is in optimal condition for your rides and contribute to your safety on the road.

Is insurance for cyclists necessary?

The need for cycling insurance depends on a number of factors, including where you live, how you use your bike and your own personal circumstances. Here are some considerations to take into account:

  • Cycling style: If you are a recreational cyclist who uses the bicycle primarily for occasional rides, you are less likely to need specific insurance for cyclists. However, if you participate in competitions, you may want to consider insurance to protect you in case of accidents.
  • Health coverage: If you already have solid health insurance that covers accidental injuries, you may not need additional insurance. However, check the exclusions and limitations of your health policy.
  • Liability coverage: Liability insurance for bicyclists can be useful if you cause damage to others while riding a bicycle, such as damage to another person’s property or injury to others.
  • Coverage for bicycle theft or damage to the bicycle: Some cycling insurance policies provide coverage for bicycle theft or damage to the bicycle.

At CiclaMadrid we encourage safe cycling, so we believe it is essential that you know what to do in case of an accident to protect your safety and the safety of other cyclists.

We hope you never have to face an accident, but if it does happen, we trust that you are prepared to deal with the situation.

Pedal responsibly and enjoy your rides to the fullest.

¿Quieres hacerte socio de CiclaMadrid?